Monday, February 24, 2020

The history of the United Nations Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 1750 words

The history of the United Nations - Essay Example   Some of these countries included United States, china, Cuba, Brazil, Argentina, United Kingdom, Czechoslovakia, and France, among others. According to Shaw (N.d, p.1), the main concern of the United Nations has been the human welfare. The United Nations was divided into sub-divisions, which included the general assembly, the Security Council, the economic and social council, the international justice court and the secretariat. In addition, each of these divisions serves a specific task in promoting the United Nation’s goals. The United Nations was formed with several aims; for instance, ensuring that peace prevailed worldwide and developing strong relationships among nations, among others. This essay will discuss the various objectives of the United Nations and whether it lives up to the ideals of its founders to date. The main aim of the United Nations was to ensure that peace prevailed throughout the world, that nations would develop friendly relationships, working toget her to assist people in living better lives through elimination of poverty, illiteracy, and diseases globally. In addition, the UN aims at bringing to a stop environmental degradation, as well as fostering democracy and respect for each other’s rights (United Nations publications, 2000). Therefore, the United Nations is the main organization that assists countries in achieving the above aims. Generally, the UN has several principles that guide its operations; first, member states are expected to obey the United Nations charter.

Friday, February 7, 2020

To answer the past exam for sample exam,2002and 2003 Coursework

To answer the past exam for sample exam,2002and 2003 - Coursework Example e speed, flexibility in contrast, a more SE like T2 contrast (compared to FSE),   better slice efficiency (that is, more slices per TR),   and can be flexible with respect to resolution by using segmentation.   As you would have gathered by constructing the table in question 3, speed is of course the main advantage, and opens up the area of functional rather than anatomical imaging.    All sequences must be fat suppressed due to chemical shift, and the presence of geometric distortions are the two big potential problems.   Obviously if you want to image or measure fat, then EPI is not the sequence for you.   Also if the patient has braces and you want to image their brain with EPI that is also not going to work - either due to susceptibility distortions or B1 in homogeneities, depending upon what the braces are made of.   Also there are some areas where the susceptibility is so great that no degree of segmentation will completely remove the distortion - like the areas at the base of the brain close to the sinuses. 3.   Constant phase encoding EPI:   to obtain evenly spaced points in ky, data is split into two, 1D FT at each kx, phase shifted to a grid, 2nd FT at each ky, both halves added together applying the Fourier Transform Shift theorem. 4.  Ã‚  Ã‚   Spiral scanning methods (square and circular):   Points in k space are also not collected uniformly in time (that is, in the line by line method we are familiar with).   The square method is, however, evenly spaced in k-space, therefore just needs reordering.   Circular spiral scanning points are separated uniformly in RADIAL space, but not in the 2D space we are used to.   Either a non-Fourier reconstruction is used (that means you dont need points on a 2D grid) or the data needs to be interpolated to fit a grid. Badwidth is inversely propotional to the sampling line. The number of Pixels reslting from a shift in phase error is dependent upon the phase per pixel of bandwidth. The change in frequency gives a rise

Wednesday, January 29, 2020

Stateline Essay Example for Free

Stateline Essay Stateline Shipping Stateline Shipping and Transport In the â€Å"Stateline Shipping and Transport Company† case there is the manager Rachel Sundusky of the South –Atlantic office of the Stateline Shipping and Transport Company. She is trying to negotiate a new shipping contract with Polychem where Stateline picks up and transport waste product form its six plants to three waste disposal sites. In this problem we are trying to determine the shipping routes the will minimize Stateline total cost. In the first part I set up the problem in excel showing the shipping to the waste directly from the six plants to the three waste disposal site. In the result I had a Z value which is the minimum cost of $3090. 00 that Polychem will pay Stateline to transport their products. It also shows that Danville and Columbus is not safe to ship from because they cannot provide the supply that is needed. In the second part I develop a transshipment model in which each of the plants and disposal sites can be used as intermediate points. In the results it shows that I had a Z value which is the minimum cost of 2884. 0 that Polychem will

Tuesday, January 21, 2020

Heroism, Magic and Retribution in Lord of the Rings and The Hobbit Essa

Heroism, Magic and Retribution in Lord of the Rings and The Hobbit   A fantasy is an imaginary world where all things imaginable can be brought to life. J.R.R Tolkien portrayed fantasy through his use of skilled craftsmanship and a vivid imagination, which was presented in each piece of literature he wrote. In Tolkien's two stories The Hobbit and The Lord of the Rings we see the theme of fantasy brought to life through three essential elements, heroism, magic and retribution. Heroism is shown through the character's courage and bravery in situations where conflict arises and this enables them to be seen in a new light. Magic is a form of extraordinary power seemingly through a supernatural force; it is used in a combination of combat and mystical items to aid the companions on their journey. Retribution is paid to the evil forces for the wrongs society had to endure while they were allowed to dominate. This system allows opportunity for physical and mental development in the characters and the aspect of fantasy to come to life. During the character's quest, weather they were headed to the Lonely Mountains or to the Cracks of Doom, they always experienced a form of heroism. In the story The Hobbit, we see heroic deeds being accomplished by the main character Bilbo. This occurs when the companions do battle with giant venomous spiders in Mirkwood forest. Bilbo finds depth and strength in his nature that he was surprised was there and smote these villainous creatures all on his own, saving his friends and adding to his stature among those in the group. "Somehow the killing of the giant spider, all alone by himself in the dark without the help of the wizard or the Dwarves or anyone else, made a great difference to Mr. Baggin... ... fully understand the characters, as well as the major changes both physically and mentally which allow the characters to successfully complete their task to dominate over the forces of evil. Works Cited Chance, Jane The Lord of the Rings: The Mythology of Power. New York, Twayne. 1992. Murray, Roxane Farrell. "The Lord of the Rings as Myth." Unpublished thesis. The University of Georgia, Athens, GA, 1974. Tolkien, J. R. R. The Hobbit. New York: Ballantine Books, 1993. Tolkien, J. R. R. The Lord of the Rings. New York: Ballantine Books, 1997. Tyler, J.E.A. The Tolkien Companion. New York: St. Martin's Press, 1976. Urang, Gunnar. "J. R. R. Tolkien: Fantasy and the Phenomenology of Hope" Fantasy in the Writing of J. R. R. Tolkien. United Press, 1971 Wood, Ralph C. "Traveling the one road: The Lord of the Rings." The Century Feb. 97: 208(4).

Monday, January 13, 2020

The text under interpretation is “The Happy Man” by William Somerset Maugham

First some information about the author. W. S. Maugham was a well-known English playwright, novelist and short story writer. He was the son of a British diplomat. He was educated at King's school in Canterbury, studied painting in Paris, went to Heidelberg University in Germany and studied to be a doctor at St. Thomas Hospital in England. So, he put his hand in different activities and that's why he is a versatile and experienced person. S. Maugham was critical of the morals, the narrow-mindedness and hypocrisy of bourgeois society. Such novels as â€Å"Of Human Bondage†, â€Å"The Moon and Sixpence†, â€Å"The Theatre† and others came under his pen. He was also the master of the short story. Among them are: â€Å"Colonel's Lady†, â€Å"Friend in Need†, â€Å"Lion's Skin†, etc. S. Maugham was among the most popular writers of his era, and reputedly, the highest paid author during the 1930s. I like this author. S. Maugham's style of writing is clear and precise. He doesn't impose his views on the reader. He puts a question and leaves it to the reader to answer. 1 also like his reveling the weak sides and vices of human nature skillfully. Well, this text is about a successful man, who had a good job, a family, a nice flat in London, but he wasn't satisfied with his life and made up his mind to give up everything for uncertainty. But, why is this man unhappy? He seems to have everything to be happy. But he doesn't consider himself happy. He is unpleased with his life. And the question arises: What is happiness then? I believe that each person has his own values in life. Everyone has his own ideas about happiness. And this text is dedicated to the man who is trying to find his happiness. 1 liked this text. It made me think about the values in life and about what happiness is. So, the main problem of this text is that everyone is an architect of his own fortune. f'he main characters of this text are: the narrator and doctor Stephens. The structure is a bit unusual because of a philosophical digression which makes the reader think about the attitude to life, relations with people and values in hfe. The general slant of the text is matter-of-fact. f rom the very beginning of the text we learn about the author's reflections

Sunday, January 5, 2020

The Revolutions Of Thomas Hobbes And Charles I In The 17th...

During the 17th Century, England went through a series of revolutions, including a civil war. The English Parliament felt that the King was subject to the same laws everyone else in the country was obligated to adhere to. Men like Thomas Hobbes and John Locke flourished during these times, their political insights inspiring the revolutionaries in Parliament. The revolutionaries believed that the King, James I in the beginning, was stifling their rights to life, liberty, and property. Once this King met his end and a new king, Charles I, was brought in, the same struggles ensued. Charles I felt he was above the law which contributed to the same problems occurring all over again. Charles I was the King during the civil war that occurred†¦show more content†¦He felt that God placed him upon his throne and recognized himself and other Kings as his equals. His attitude made the Parliament believe that, while he said he was Anglican, he was secretly Catholic. This created strife b etween the two forms of government. James was willing to be the sole interpreter of the law and Parliament felt they should have some say in the matter. James, in his ‘True Law’ said, â€Å"Where he sees the law doubtsome or rigorous, he may interpret or mitigate the same†¦ †¦ and therefore general laws made publicly in Parliament may upon [the king’s] authority be mitigated or suspended upon causes only known to him,† (James I 2). When James died, Parliament thought they had rid the country of problematic leaders, but his successor was worse than he ever was. Charles I was the son of James I, and was equally as disliked as his father. He was married to Henrietta Maria of France, a devout Catholic, which further exacerbated the problem between the monarchy and the Parliament. Another element that worsened tensions were the unpopular policies of Charles I. â€Å"Charles ominously threatened to ‘use those other means which God hath put in m y hands’ unless his fiscal demands were promptly met,† (Charles I 3). Due to his aggressive nature and hisShow MoreRelatedThomas Hobbes And John Locke1426 Words   |  6 PagesBy the second half of the 17th Century, England would experience one of the bloodiest conflicts in its history, ultimately serving to influence some of the most phenomenal political philosophers in Europe --Thomas Hobbes, and John Locke. England was in constant unrest, choosing new forms of government almost on a whim in desperate attempts to restore order in the Country. The English Civil War in 1642 etched a legacy of dread in the people of England, and the war only appeared more disastrous andRead MoreWhy Absolute Rulers Believe On Divine Right?1737 Words   |  7 PagesEnglish’s. 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Rather, it * This work was supported by CNCSIS – UEFISCSU, project number PNII – IDEI 788 / 2010Read MoreLogical Reasoning189930 Words   |  760 Pages.............................................................................................. 144 Seeking a Second Opinion ............................................................................................................ 147 Trust Me, I Know It on Good Authority ..................................................................................... 149 Suspending Belief...................................................................................................................

Friday, December 27, 2019

Fires of Faith by Eamon Duffy - Free Essay Example

Sample details Pages: 4 Words: 1291 Downloads: 6 Date added: 2019/04/05 Category Religion Essay Level High school Tags: Faith Essay Did you like this example? Eamon Duffys Fires of Faith depicts the state of the English church during the reign of Mary Tudor, lasting from 1553-1558. Marys reign remains one of the most controversial aspects in Church history. This book aims at responding to the predominant issue of the competence of the Marian regime while commenting on misconceptions. Don’t waste time! Our writers will create an original "Fires of Faith by Eamon Duffy" essay for you Create order With Fires of Faith, Duffy combats the various myths and biased accounts that have distorted the reputation of Mary Tudor. Duffy offers insightful considerations on Marys England and expounds on the state of the Church. He begins by addressing the fact that he will tackle the overarching issue of general competence, drive and direction of the regime. Through the eyes of England, he explores the counter-reformation that begins to arise following Marys accession. Duffy focuses on the Marian restoration itself, that is: he structures his novel by expounding on various issues of the regime, chapter by chapter. Duffy writes on a variety of aspects in Queen Marys reign. Notably, he references the constructiveness of the regimes propaganda campaign against Protestantism; the role of Cardinal Reginald Pole in supervising the restoration of Catholicism in England, and lastly, the question of the effectiveness of the burnings carried out by the Marian regime. Bloody Marys reign remains a highly debated topic; however, Duffys approach towards the Marian regime is both holistic and inquisitive. Rather than categorizing the Marian regime as merely a time of violent animosity, he argues that Marys reign was a brilliant attempt at restoration for hearts and minds alike. In chapter 1, Duffy outlines his opening considerations by responding to the burnings of more than 280 protestants under the Marian agenda in the span of four years by saying the burning s were both gruesome and inevitable (1,7). Although Duffy does not condone the demoralizing behavior of burning men and woman, he argues that the received perception of the campaign of burnings as manifestly unsuccessful is quite mistaken (1,7). He supports this claim by examining how the burnings were efficiently carried out for political stability. Duffy comments on his initial questioning of competence of the regime in chapter 2 by showcasing Cardinal Poles role as a major influencer. Duffy states that in matters of religion, no sustained course of action, not even the burnings, was pursued without his consent and approval (2,33). He claims that the Marian regime, predominantly led by Cardinal Pole, had a strong emphasis on the centrality of Christ and also on the universal agency of the Holy Spirit in the church, which is why mere human effort could not constitute reform. In chapter 3, Duffy expounds the tight control the Marian regime had over the press. He supports the direction of the regime by mentioning that authors such as John Christopherson, John Proctor, and the Harpsfield brothers were defenders of Catholicism and wrote on behalf on the regime (3,63). A range of sources that were utilized, including but not limited to: sermons, heresy trials, journalistic pamphlets, and private diaries aided the Marian regime in combatting Protestant propaganda. In chapter 4, Duffy addresses the punishment of the protestants who remained unconverted. In the suppression of heresy, 284 protestants, 56 of them women, were burned alive for their beliefs, and approximately 30 more died in prison (4,79). While this remains devastating, Duffy comments, no sixteenth-century European state willingly accepted or could easily image the peaceful coexistence of differing religious confessions, and such a coexistence does not seem a particularly realistic aspiration for Marys England (4,79-80). The Marian regime attempted to restore Catholicism at all cost; Duffy supports this argument in chapter 5 by saying the justice exercised during the regime was more than examining heretics. For bishops, it was an opportunity to recall straying sheep to the unity of the Church, to correct their errors and to set our authentic Catholic teaching (5,102). The real motives behind the judicial process of the counter-reformation were in fact, credible. The judges were pre dominately priests, taking sincere interest in the salvation of souls of the unconverted Protestants. In chapter 6, Duffy supports the Marian regimes desire for conversion by stating that Cardinal Poles concern with systematic pursuit of heresy was not confined to his own diocese. (6,153). Places such as: London, Essex, and Canterbury were targeted locations for Pole to silence heresy at all costs. Due to John Foxes limited aptitude and scarceness of other sources, Duffy, who indicates in chapter 7, it is challenge for historians to assess the impact of the burnings on those who witnesses them (7,155). As noted by Duffy, the Marian regimes overall tactic was to induce irresolute evangelicals into conformity; this desire went beyond external compliance, for the counter-reformation aimed to convert the hearts and minds of the Protestants. Duffy argues against the points of A.G Dickens in chapter 8 by claiming, the notion that the regime somehow failed to defend the burnings publicly, or to exploit for propaganda purposes the weakness and divisions of the new faith, is certainly mistaken (8,171). Duffy claims that the burning of Protestants, while gruesome and inexcusable, was not merely a frantic act of a weakening regime, but was brutally effective at obstructing the Protestant movement in England to some degree, and may have succeeded, had the queen and Pole not died in 1558. Duffy contends in chapter 9 that the Marian regime, along with Poles influence, left behind a reverence for the papacy, a hallmark for European Catholicism following Trent (9,190). Marian Catholicism paved the way for Elizabethan Catholicism, instilling the foundation of the counter-reformation. Duffys composes Fires in Faith in such a way that offers a new perspective regarding Queen Marys reign. It calls to mind the misconceptions surrounding the Marian regime that have taken place for far too long. Although many may contest the claims made by Duffy, the significance of Fires of Faith is incredibly prevalent. Duffy contends that the Marian church was so outstandingly progressive, that it ?invented the counter-reformation (9, 207). Remarkably, Duffy does not use his own Roman Catholicism to sway his writing, rather, his content is a brilliant scholarly source. He does not excuse the actions of the queen; Duffy is intensely aware of the lack of human dignity during this time in history. Duffy presents his arguments coherently and aids readers by contrasting his thoughts with other historians perception of the Marian regime. His interpretation of the queens reign is both audacious and controversial. As a historian, this serves as a great strength for Duffy. He is not complace nt with the summation of previous scholars take on Mary Tudor, rather, he offers his own knowledge regarding the counter-reformation. In addition, Duffys use of sources adds to why his novel is such an academic success. He mentions scholars such as William Wizeman and John Edwards to support his assertions on Marian history. Rather than arguing from newfound evidence, Duffys approach is to combat preexisting sources such as John Foxes view on the Marian regime. By way of illustration, in regard to the condemned, Duffy rejects the indifferent opinions of sources that are meant to promote one-sided arguments by saying, the real motives were less lurid and, in part at least, more credible. The judges were priestsand had for the for the most part a genuine horror of the eternity of torment that they believed awaited unrepentant heretics (5,109-110). Notably, this is a great advantage to be able to compose counter arguments for claims that have been made for centuries. The weakness of Fires of Faith lies in the fact that Duffy fails to mention the queen herself throughout his work. Considering that the entirety of the Marian regime is based around Mary herself, adding more information about the queen would be profitable for readers. In his work, Duffy expresses certain statements without proper evidence to back up his claims. For instance, he fails to mention to what extent was the significant and persistent protestant minority (7,161).